Carrasco-Garrido 2011


Year: 2010

Title: Health status of Roma women in Spain

Country: Spain

Age: Adult Only

Sex: Female

Population: Indigenous

Care Setting: Outpatient Ambulatory and Primary Care

Clinical Setting: Breast Cancer Screening

Data Level: National

Data Type: Government Survey

Data Source: Spanish National Health Survey

Conclusion: Disparities In All Minority Groups

Health OutComes Reported: No

Mitigation: No

Free Text Conclusion: Roma women have a lower likelihood of having mammography than non-Roma women.

Abstract: BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study is to describe the health status of Roma women in Spain. Population-based health data have become available for this group, and we can now identify differences with non-Roma women. METHODS: Cross-sectional, epidemiological study from the 2006 Spanish National Health Survey and the first National Health Survey in the Romany population (2006). We analyzed 527 Spanish Roma women aged 16 years and over and 1054 Spanish non-Roma women, age and region matched. RESULTS: Our sample comprised 527 Spanish Roma women and 1054 Spanish non-Roma women. Roma women are more likely to suffer from obesity [odds ratio (OR) 1.91; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05-3.50], depression and migraine. Roma women have significantly higher values for alcohol consumption than non-Roma women (OR, 3.77; 95% CI, 2.32-6.13). The percentage of Roma women, who have had a smear test and a mammography, is significantly lower than that of non-Roma women. CONCLUSIONS: Our comparison showed that Spanish Roma women have a poorer health profile, worse lifestyles and more inequality in the use of health-care resources than non-Roma women, especially with respect to prevention.