Title: Racial/ethnic differences in supplemental imaging for breast cancer screening in women with dense breasts
Country: United States
Age: Adult Only
Population: Multiple Groups
Care Setting: Outpatient Ambulatory and Primary Care
Clinical Setting: Breast Cancer Screening
Data Level: Single Institution
Data Type: EHR
Data Source: Local data
Conclusion: Disparities In Some Minority Groups
Health OutComes Reported: No
Free Text Conclusion: Non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic women were less likely to have supplemental imaging compared to non-Hispanic White women.
Abstract: Background: Mammography is limited when analyzing dense breasts for 2 reasons: (1) breast density masks underlying cancers and (2) breast density is an independent risk factor for cancer. We undertook this study to assess whether there is a racial/ethnic difference in supplemental image ordering for women with dense breasts. Methods: We conducted a retrospective, observational cohort study of women aged 50-75 from an academic medical center who had completed a screening mammogram between 2014 and 2016 that was read as BI-RADS 1 with heterogeneously or extremely dense breasts or BI-RADS 2 with extremely dense breasts. Data were abstracted on type, timing and frequency of supplemental imaging tests ordered within two years of an initial screening mammogram. Patient characteristics (age, race/ethnicity, insurance, and comorbidities) were also abstracted. We used bivariate and multivariate logistic regression to assess for differences in supplemental imaging ordered by race/ethnicity. Results: Three hundred twenty-six women met inclusion criteria. Mean age was 58years: 25% were non-Hispanic white, 30% were non-Hispanic black, 27% were Hispanic, 6% were Asian and 14% unknown. Seventy-nine (24%) women were ordered a supplemental breast ultrasound after the initial screening mammogram. Non-Hispanic black and Hispanic women were less likely to have supplemental imaging ordered compared to non-Hispanic white women (15% and 10%, respectively, vs. 45%, p < 0.0001). After controlling for patient age, ordering physician specialty, insurance, BI-RADS score, breast density, and family history of breast cancer, non-Hispanic black and Hispanic women remained less likely to be ordered supplemental imaging (OR 0.38 [95% CI 0.17-0.85] and OR 0.24 [95% CI 0.10-0.61], respectively, p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Minority women with dense breasts are less likely to be ordered supplemental breast imaging. Further research should investigate physician and patient behaviors to determine barriers in supplemental imaging. Understanding these differences may help reduce disparities in breast cancer care and mortality.