Hambrook 2010


Year: 2010

Title: Disparities exist in the emergency department evaluation of pediatric chest pain

Country: United States

Age: Pediatric Only

Sex: All Sexes

Population: Multiple Groups

Care Setting: Emergency Department

Clinical Setting: Chest Pain Imaging

Data Level: National

Data Type: Government Survey

Data Source: National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey

Conclusion: Disparities In Some Minority Groups

Health OutComes Reported: No

Mitigation: No

Free Text Conclusion: Black patients were less likely to receive a chest radiograph than White patients.

Abstract: Objectives: To identify and describe disparities in the provision of Emergency Department (ED) care in pediatric patients presenting with chest pain (CP). Patients and Methods: Nationally representative data were drawn from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS). All ED visits with a chief complaint of CP and age <19 years from 2002 to 2006 were analyzed. The primary outcome variable was " Anytest" performed (defined as any combination of complete blood count, electrocardiogram, and/or chest x-ray). Univariable analyses were performed with " Anytest" as the dependent variable and patient characteristics as independent variables. Multivariable analysis was performed using logistic regression with the same independent patient characteristics. Results: Eight hundred eighteen pediatric CP visits representing 2 552 193 such visits nationwide were analyzed. Gender and metro/non-metro location were not associated with " Anytest." However, Caucasian patients (p = 0.01) and those with private insurance (p < 0.01) were significantly more likely to receive testing despite otherwise similar demographics and severity of illness. Multivariate analysis revealed race (p = 0.03), expected payer (p = 0.003), and triage level (p = 0.009) were significantly and independently associated with the frequency of testing performed. Conclusion: Disparities exist in the ED care of pediatric patients with CP. Identification of such variations is important and provides an opportunity for targeted interventions that ensure delivery of high-quality, cost-effective health care for children.