Title: Access and use of specific dental services in HIV disease
Country: United States
Age: All Ages
Sex: All Sexes
Population: Multiple Groups
Care Setting: Outpatient Ambulatory and Primary Care
Clinical Setting: Dental
Data Level: National
Data Type: Disease Registry
Data Source: AIDS Cost and Service Utilization Surveys
Conclusion: Disparities In Some Minority Groups
Health OutComes Reported: No
Free Text Conclusion: Black patients with HIV were less likely than White patients with HIV to get dental x-rays.
Abstract: Objectives: This study examined factors associated with the use of specific dental services by persons with HIV disease. Methods: The data were derived from 1,588 adults who participated in a series of up to six interviews as part of the AIDS Cost and Service Utilization Surveys. Use of dental services such as examinations, x-rays, cleaning, fillings, extractions, root canals, crown and bridge or dentures, and periodontal procedures were evaluated using logistic regression and generalized estimating equations were applied. Results: Multivariate analyses showed that medical insurance, an education beyond high school, income higher than $1,300 per month, high ambulatory visits, and receipt of psychological counseling were generally associated with higher service use. Blacks, those with an inpatient admission, and CD4+ cell counts less than 500 cells/microL were significantly less likely to use most types of dental services. Conclusions: The study concludes that disparities exist in the use of several dental services similar to those seen in the general population.