Title: Predictors of CT Colonography Use: Results From the 2019 National Health Interview Cross-Sectional Survey
Country: United States
Age: Adult Only
Sex: All Sexes
Population: Multiple Groups
Care Setting: Outpatient Ambulatory and Primary Care
Clinical Setting: Colorectal Cancer Screening
Data Level: National
Data Type: Government Survey
Data Source: National Health Interview Survey
Conclusion: Disparities In Some Minority Groups
Health OutComes Reported: No
Free Text Conclusion: Hispanic and Black participants were more likely to undergo CT colonography.
Abstract: PURPOSE: CT colonography (CTC) is a minimally invasive screening test with high sensitivity for colonic polyps (>1 cm). Prior studies suggest that CTC utilization remains low. However, there are few studies evaluating recent CTC utilization and predictors of CTC utilization. Our purpose was to estimate recent nationwide CTC utilization and evaluate predictors of CTC utilization using 2019 nationally representative cross-sectional survey data. METHODS: Participants between ages 50 and 75 without colorectal cancer history in the 2019 National Health Interview Survey cross-sectional data were included. The proportion of participants reporting utilization of CTC was estimated, accounting for complex survey design elements. Multiple variable logistic regression analyses evaluated predictors of CTC utilization. Analyses were conducted accounting for complex survey design elements to obtain valid estimates for the civilian, noninstitutionalized US population. RESULTS: In all, 13,709 respondents were included, and 1.4% reported undergoing CTC, of whom 39.9% underwent CTC within the last year, 18.5% within the last 2 years, 13.0% within the last 3 years, 7.8% within the last 5 years, 11.2% within the last 10 years, and 9.6% underwent CTC 10 years ago or more. Multiple variable logistic regression analyses revealed that Hispanic (odds ratio 2.67, 95% confidence interval 1.66-4.29, P < .001) and Black (odds ratio 2.47, 95% confidence interval 1.60-3.82, P < .001) participants were more likely than White participants to undergo CTC. CONCLUSION: Survey results suggest that nationwide utilization of CTC remains low. Black and Hispanic participants were more likely than White participants to report undergoing CTC. Promotion of CTC may reduce racial and ethnic disparities in colorectal cancer screening.