Schut 2020


Year: 2020

Title: Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Follow-Up Adherence for Incidental Pulmonary Nodules: An Application of a Cascade-of-Care Framework

Country: United States

Age: Adult Only

Sex: All Sexes

Population: Multiple Groups

Care Setting: Outpatient Ambulatory and Primary Care

Clinical Setting: Incidental Finding Follow Up

Data Level: Single Institution

Data Type: EHR

Data Source: Local data

Conclusion: Disparities In All Minority Groups

Health OutComes Reported: No

Mitigation: No

Free Text Conclusion: Minorities were less likely to get incidental pulmonary follow up imaging, both less likely to have provider order and less likely to schedule.

Abstract: Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate racial/ethnic disparities in follow-up adherence for incidental pulmonary nodules (IPNs) using a cascade-of-care framework, representing the multistage pathway from IPN diagnosis to timely follow-up adherence. Methods: A cohort of 1,562 patients diagnosed with IPNs requiring follow-up in a tertiary health care system in 2016 were retrospectively identified. Racial/ethnic disparities in follow-up adherence were examined by developing a multistep cascade-of-care model (provider communication, follow-up examination ordering and scheduling, adherence) to identify where patients were most likely to fall off the path toward adherence. Racial/ethnic adherence disparities were measured using descriptive statistics and multivariate modeling, controlling for sociodemographic, communication, and health characteristics. Results: Among 1,562 patients whose IPNs required follow-up, unadjusted results showed that nonwhite patients were less likely to meet each step on the cascade than White patients: for provider-patient IPN communication, 55% among Black patients and 80% among White patients; for follow-up ordering and scheduling, 42% and 41% among Black patients and 66% and 64% among White patients; and for timely adherence, 29% among Black patients and 54% among White patients. Adjusting for provider communication, sociodemographic, and health characteristics, Black patients had increased odds of never adhering to and delaying follow-up compared with White patients (odds ratios, 1.30 [95% confidence interval, 0.90-1.89] and 2.51 [95% confidence interval, 1.54-4.09], respectively). Conclusions: These findings demonstrate substantial racial/ethnic disparities in IPN follow-up adherence that persist after adjusting for multiple characteristics. The cascade of care demonstrates where on the adherence pathway patients are at risk for falling off, enabling specific targets for health policy and clinical interventions. Radiologists can play a key role in improving IPN follow-up via increased patient care involvement.