Title: Age, sex, and racial differences in neuroimaging use in acute stroke: A population-based study
Country: United States
Age: Adult Only
Sex: All Sexes
Care Setting: Inpatient General Care
Clinical Setting: Stroke Imaging
Data Level: Regional
Data Type: Disease Registry
Data Source: Greater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Stroke Study
Conclusion: Disparities In All Minority Groups
Health OutComes Reported: No
Free Text Conclusion: Black patients greater than 55 years old were more likely than White patients to undergo advanced imaging of CTA/MRI/MRA for stroke or TIA workup.
Abstract: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Limited information is available regarding differences in neuroimaging use for acute stroke work-up. Our objective was to assess whether race, sex, or age differences exist in neuroimaging use and whether these differences depend on the care center type in a population-based study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with stroke (ischemic and hemorrhagic) and transient ischemic attack were identified in a metropolitan, biracial population using the Greater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Stroke Study in 2005 and 2010. Multivariable regression was used to determine the odds of advanced imaging use (CT angiography/MR imaging/MR angiography) for race, sex, and age. RESULTS: In 2005 and 2010, there were 3471 and 3431 stroke/TIA events, respectively. If one adjusted for covariates, the odds of advanced imaging were higher for younger (55 years or younger) compared with older patients, blacks compared with whites, and patients presenting to an academic center and those seen by a stroke team or neurologist. The observed association between race and advanced imaging depended on age; in the older age group, blacks had higher odds of advanced imaging compared with whites (odds ratio, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.12-1.61; P < .01), and in the younger group, the association between race and advanced imaging was not statistically significant. Age by race interaction persisted in the academic center subgroup (P < .01), but not in the nonacademic center subgroup (P < .58). No significant association was found between sex and advanced imaging. CONCLUSIONS: Within a large, biracial stroke/TIA population, there is variation in the use of advanced neuroimaging by age and race, depending on the care center type.